It may seem a cakewalk, but growing shrimps is not at all a child’s play! It requires a confluence of adequate patience and the right tactics to ace the deal. Planning to shoulder in this shrimp culture anytime sooner? You ought to learn about water quality management before taking the plunge. Fret not! The best shrimp and exporters in West Bengal are here to assist you with a thorough guideline.
What is water quality management?
Water quality management hints at the process of managing water quality as per the standard parameters to keep it in an ideal condition for growing shrimps. Followings are a few conditions that you must bear in mind while managing water quality parameters to grow shrimps. Take a look –
The importance of checking the type and density of plankton is paramount in water quality management for growing shrimps. The more intense the color of the water is, the denser the existing planktons are. The higher density of planktons might take a toll on the fluctuations of the dissolved oxygen and the pH level in the pond. In order to grow shrimps, water transparency should be at the level of 30-40 cm. As per the shrimp exporters, if the planktons are extremely dense, they must be reduced by substituting with water.
Keep a track on the pH level
For a successful shrimp culture, the pH value of the water should be equal to the pH value of the shrimp body. This way, you can let the shrimps not to experience any stress while adjusting with the pH levels of their body to their environment. The pH level in pond water must be maintained in the range of 7.5-8.5. If the pH level in the pond water is below this standardized range, then it should be maximized by the inclusion of lime.
The success of shrimp culture predominantly revolves around the Dissolved Oxygen or DO factor. Make sure to manage the DO concentration of the pond water as per the type and amount of the phytoplankton, shrimp biomass, bacterial activity, the amount of the existing aerator, etc. If DO concentration of the pond water is below 4 ppm, the shrimps won’t be able to hold oxygen and begin to suffocate eventually. This is the reason why you should check whether the water where you are culturing shrimps has sufficient DO.
Salinity plays a key role
An adequate salinity is important for letting the shrimps set the metabolic processes impeccably. If the salinity of the shrimp body fluids happens to be higher than the environment, then the water in the environment will automatically enter their body and make their cell swell. Hence, the best shrimp and prawn exporters recommend maintaining an optimal salinity so you can grow shrimps hassle-freely.
Water temperature can greatly impact the conditions and appetites of the shrimps. Due to the higher water temperature, the metabolic process of the shrimp bodies will accede exponentially. The standard temperature for growing shrimps is about 28-30 degree C.
TAN or total Ammonia Nitrogen
TAN measurement should aim at deciding the ammonia content in the pond where the shrimps are being cultured. The ammonia content including dead plankton, metabolic waste, organic matter input, etc. should not be biodegradable. The level of TAN in a shrimp pond must not be more than 2 ppm, because otherwise, the residual organic materials will not decompose easily.
Pay attention to alkalinity
Alkalinity refers to the amount of bicarbonate, carbonate, and hydroxide contained in the water. Most ideally, the value in the alkalinity of the shrimp pond should be more than 80 ppm. If the amount of alkalinity is below than the standard amount, then provision of lime, bacterial decomposition, and CO2 is a must.
If need be, you may also count on the best shrimp processing plant in West Bengal to streamline water quality management for growing shrimps.