Prawns (or shrimp, as one would call it) have long been considered among the most popular seafood dishes, and for a good reason too. In India, we are fortunate to have a wide variety of freshwater and marine prawn/shrimp species. A well-loved culinary item among Indians, prawns make for a significant component of the country’s seafood economy.
In this article, we have covered the various varieties of prawns that can be found in India and their traits. So, let’s get started.
An overview of different types of Indian Prawns and their characteristics
- Indian White Prawn (Fenneropenaeus indicus)
In India’s coastal waters, the common species of white shrimp is called the Indian white shrimp. It is one of the most significant shrimp species produced commercially in India. It is a type of saltwater shrimp that can get as long as 20 cm. This shrimp’s body is white with pale pink stripes. They are widely distributed throughout the waters of the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, where they are primarily captured with trawlers.
- Black Tiger Prawn (Penaeus monodon)
Another common kind of shrimp found in India is the black tiger shrimp. It is a big marine shrimp that can reach a length of 33 cm. This shrimp has white stripes on its dark green or black body. Due to its enormous size and mouthwatering flavor, the black tiger shrimp is one of the most sought-after shrimp varieties. It is primarily discovered in India’s coastal waters, particularly in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal.
- Scampi (Macrobrachium rosenbergii)
Another type of freshwater shrimp found in India’s ponds and rivers is the scampi. It is a species of medium- to large-sized shrimp that can reach a length of 25 cm. This shrimp has brown markings on its pale green body. Due to their exquisite flavor, scampi is a highly sought-after shrimp that are mostly grown for commerce in freshwater ponds.
- Pink Shrimp (Metapenaeus dobsoni)
A kind of shrimp that ranges in size from small to medium, the pink shrimp can reach a maximum length of 14 cm. It is a marine shrimp that can be found in the Bay of Bengal and other coastal waters off the coast of India. This shrimp has white stripes running over its pink body. Due to its great demand and delicious flavor pink shrimp are a significant species of shrimp produced commercially in India.
- Brown Shrimp (Metapenaeus monoceros)
Brown shrimp are small to medium-sized types of shrimp that can reach lengths of up to 12 cm. It is a type of marine shrimp that can be found in India’s coastal waters, particularly the Arabian Sea. This shrimp has brown stripes on its body and white stripes on its head. Due to their high demand and sweet flavor, brown shrimp are a significant shrimp species for commercial production in India.
- Sea water flower (Penaeus semisulcatus)
With a maximum length of 28 cm, the seawater flower is a sizable species of marine shrimp. There is a large concentration of it along the coasts of India, particularly the Arabian Sea. This shrimp has white stripes running across its green body. The huge size and delectable flavor of sea water flower shrimp make it a widely sought-after shrimp species.
Both freshwater and saltwater prawn/shrimp species can be found in abundance in India. There is a wide variety of shrimp species found throughout India that vary in size, body color, flavor, and habitat, each with its own distinctive traits. As mentioned earlier, shrimp is one of the most important seafood items in India, and the country’s shrimp sector mainly depends on fishing and shrimp cultivation.
Knowing the various varieties of prawns that may be found in India can help us make educated decisions about the seafood we eat and can also assist in promoting sustainable seafood practices. It is important to ensure that prawn/shrimp farming and fishing practices are carried out sustainably to protect the environment.
At Megaa Moda, we believe in promoting sustainable practices as part of our commitment to the environment. We source and process our products sustainably to ensure the long-term viability of the seafood industry.
To know more call us at: + 91 33 4063 6240, + 91 33 4029 5578
or visit our site www.megaa.in